Thomas Hagen Zunder, Dewan Md Zahurul Islam, Phil N. Mortimer, Paulus Teguh Aditjandra Abstract This paper analyses the extent to which an open access rail freight market has enabled new pan European rail freight services, using a case study within the context of policy. Methodology was: desk top analysis of European Union freight policy, from the Railway Directives, through successive White Papers, to the recent 2011 White Paper; review of rail freight market performance; semi-structured interviews with rail regulators; operational records from a novel, cross-border rail freight service from Western Europe to the Black Sea.
Evidence to date is mixed. The research finds that new entrants can operate within imperfect open access environment, facing many barriers from incumbents, infrastructure managers, rail regulators, and terminal operators. Examples of issues are: infrastructure discrimination; non-transparent or liberalised energy supply; monopolistic shunting services; safety certification; terminal access restricting trade; weak or discriminatory regulatory authorities.
The research identified key barriers: trust between partners, wagon availability, lack of single European driver certification and access to non-path infrastructure and services. The pilot was successful and is commercially viable, and succeeded in a hybrid block and single wagon-load train service, integrating new private entrants and Eastern state railways. The research identified a research agenda and implications for practitioners and policy makers.
Keywords Rail freight ; Transport policy ; Logistics ; Railways https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2210539512000983
The first Smartfusion Stakeholder Workshop took place in Newcastle recently. The workshop was attended by 25 delegates, representing local policy makers, freight operators, industry stakeholders and experts. The Workshop had the following objectives: Devise an action plan for future freight operations in Tyne & Wear, based on the needs of all stakeholders.
Identify what success in sustainable urban freight looks like Introduce monitoring systems to save energy and money; furthermore increase sustainability at a company and city-region level. This workshop was the start of a two-phase city assessment to allow stakeholders to share knowledge and resources for cleaner, more efficient goods movement, both in the city and in the wider region. There are plans to hold a further workshop in January 2013, with a follow up workshop in February 2013.
If you are interested in this event and would like to find out more, or attend subsequent workshops, please contact the project co-ordinator at [email protected] or visit http://www.smartfusion.eu/
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Freight and Logistics News
The potential fuel saving improvements investigated in the study focused upon diesel powertrain technologies available for retrofit to the existing rolling stock of passenger diesel multiple units (DMUs) and freight locomotives, as well as those that can be incorporated into new rolling stock both to improve fuel economy while also meeting the latest Stage IIIB emissions limits. Key findings of the report included a number of technically viable solutions that are available to improve rail diesel powertrain efficiency, many of which are commercially attractive in terms of their projected return on investment. The solutions identified by the study were based on well-proven packages of powertrain technologies that have been demonstrated in other industrial sectors, drawing upon Ricardo s experience in other markets including the on- and off-highway heavy duty automotive, marine and power generation sectors.
Owing to the complex nature and age profile of the diesel rail vehicle fleet, the study showed that smaller and more incremental changes applied to a large proportion of the fleet would deliver significantly greater fuel saving benefits than more radical innovations applied to a smaller number of vehicles. Discussions with key rail industry stakeholders demonstrated that operators working within finite franchise periods will prioritize technologies with low capital costs, proven benefits and the shortest payback periods. However, economic and environmental benefits can be improved by cross-industry collaboration, enabling initiatives that can be deployed across as many vehicles as possible and development costs to be shared more widely.
Full detail can be seen in: Report highlights opportunities to improve rail diesel efficiency – Ricardo